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 General Chronological Orientation of the Writings Prophets

Saul (? [see note below]), David (1005-965), Solomon (968-928) (temple begun 964, see 1 Kgs 6:1)


Kings of Israel Writing Prophets Kings of Judah 
Jeroboam (928-907)
Nadab (907-906)
Baasha (906-883)
Elah (883-882)
Zimri (882)
Tibni (882-878)
Omri (882-871)
Ahab (873-852)
Ahaziah (852-851)
Jehoram/Joram (851-842)
Jehu (842-814)
Jehoahaz (817-800)
Jehoash/Joash (800-784)
Jeroboam (II) (788-747)
Zecharaiah (747)
Shallum (747)
Menahem (747-737)
Pekahiah (737-735)
Pekah (735-732)
Hoshea (732-722)

EXILE
Samaria fell to Assyria
722 BCE














Hosea, Amos            Jonah*






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Nahum*               Zephaniah
                   Jeremiah


Habakkuk   
Ezekiel
arrow   
arrow    

                  
Rehoboam (928-911)

Abijam (911-908)

Asa (908-867)

Jehoshaphat (870-846)

Jehoram/Joram (851-843)

Ahaziah (843-842)

Queen Athaliah (842-836)

Joash/Jehoash (836-798)

Amaziah (798-769)

Azariah/Uzziah (785-733)
Jotham (759-743)

Ahaz (743/735-727/715)

Hezekiah (727/715-698/687)

Manasseh (698/687-642)

Amon (641-640)

Josiah (639-609)

Jehoahaz (609)

Jehoiakim/Eliakim (609-598)

Jehoiachin (597)

Zedekiah/Mattaniah (596-586)

(Governor Gedaliah)

EXILE
Jerusalem fell to Babylon
586 BCE
Obadiah*



Persian KingsJudaic Leader
Cyrus (550-530)
Cambyses (530-522)
Darius I (521-486)
Xerxes (486-465)
Artaxerxes (464-424)
Darius II (423-404)


Malachi   

Sheshbazzar (538)

Zerubbabel (c. 520)

Ezra (c. 450)
Nehemiah (c. 445)


(Joel?)

     The writing prophets placed closer to the left preached against Israel and to the right against Judah; those with asterisks against other nations, namely, Jonah and Nahum preached against Assyria, and Obadiah against Edom (their books, however, are testimonies to God’s people). There is no evidence to know who, when, or where Joel should be situated. Deportations of Jerusalem took place in c. 605 (Dan 1:1), 597 (2 Kgs 24:8), and 586 (2 Kgs 25)
.

     Dates taken from Cogan, ABD, 1: 1005-11 (mild adjustments at Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh from Coogan 2009, 418; for alternate see Thiele, Albright; also see Walton and Hill, 208). Saul’s timing unclear—cf. 1 Sam 13:1 MT (NRSV and ESV get the basic sense); (if from Acts 13:21 is “40” stylized?).


Also see Selected Chronology of the Empires for the Hebrew Prophets

Copyright 1993, 2011
Gary E. Schnittjer

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